What Is Root Canal Surgery?

Commonly known as an apicoectomy, root canal surgery is a procedure that can help save your tooth in situations in which a non-surgical procedure cannot achieve the necessary results. Oral care has come a long way in the last few decades, from ultrasonic tools to clean teeth to digital X-rays that are more efficient and faster than the traditional film plates. Even some of the more complex procedures, such as root canals, use advanced technologies that reduce pain and healing time.

What is a root canal?

The pulp deep within a tooth can become infected for several reasons, from lack of dental care to an injury. If the infection goes untreated, it may require that the tooth be removed. A root canal helps save the tooth by removing the infected material.

There are four steps to the procedure, performed over two office visits. Local anesthesia is administered to numb the tooth. A small drill creates an access point to the tooth’s interior, and the damaged or infected pulp is removed. An antimicrobial solution helps kill any remaining bacteria to reduce the chance of infection. Once the chamber is cleaned and dried, a temporary filling is applied. The permanent crown replaces the temporary filling in about two weeks.   

Endodontic microsurgery

According to the American Association of Endodontists, an apicoectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed to save a tooth. It is also called a root-end resection. After giving you a local anesthetic to help make you comfortable, the endodontist makes an incision and retracts the gum tissue near the tooth to expose the underlying bone. Inflamed or infected tissue and the root tip are removed.

Ultrasonic instruments and a special microscope are used to ensure the area is as clean as possible. Typically, a filling is used in the root, sealing the end of the root canal. The endodontist takes an X-ray of the area before finishing the procedure to ensure everything looks in order. Stitches close the gum tissue to encourage proper healing.

Surgery length

The amount of time it takes to complete the procedure depends on the location of the tooth and its root structure. Front teeth usually have one root. Molars and other teeth toward the back of your mouth generally have two or more. Nerves and blood vessels enter through the root, through the canal and into the pulp chamber to provide nourishment to the tooth. A typical root canal surgery takes 30 to 90 minutes, with those on the front teeth taking the shortest time and lower molars taking the longest.

Reasons for an apicoectomy

Colgate reports that root canal surgery can be necessary for a variety of circumstances. If you have had a non-surgical root canal that failed and there is still pain, your endodontist may schedule an apicoectomy. However, that is not the only situation in which the procedure is needed:

  • The canal can be too narrow for the instruments in a non-surgical procedure if there is calcification
  • The root surfaces or the surrounding bone is damaged
  • Some tiny fractures or canals were not identified during a standard root canal

Conclusion

Proper oral hygiene is crucial to keeping your teeth and gums healthy. However, it is common for unexpected circumstances to affect a specific area of your mouth, resulting in the need for root canal surgery. Seeing a dental care professional on a regular basis can help ensure issues are identified early so that the procedure has the best outcome possible.

Are you considering root canal surgery in the Ukiah area? Get more information at https://santarosaendodontics.com.

Check out what others are saying about our services on Yelp: Read our Yelp reviews.

Recent Posts

Frequently Asked Questions About A Root Canal

If your dentist has recommended root canal treatment, you may feel worried, especially if you have heard all the rumors about the treatment. However, there is no need to worry – root canal therapy is a dental procedure performed to relieve tooth pain and extend the life of the tooth. The more you learn about…

3 Common Endodontic Procedures [Root Canal]

Looking for more information on endodontic procedures so you can have an idea of what to expect when you make an appointment with an endodontist? Many dental patients are taking the time to learn more about what to expect when they are in need of dental treatment. This is a great idea, as the more…

Tips To Avoid Root Canal Therapy From An Endodontist

Wondering what the difference is between an endodontist and a general dentist? While both types of dental professionals can perform a root canal, there are differences. One difference is that endodontists tend to perform root canals every single day, while general dentists may only perform them a few times a month. Another difference is that…

How An Endodontist Can Save Your Teeth

If you have one or more decayed teeth, an endodontist can help save your teeth. In previous times, decayed teeth simply had to be pulled. Patients would then need to live without the tooth. However, advances in endodontic medicine mean that your tooth may not need to be pulled at all.An endodontist works to maintain…

Recent Posts

Frequently Asked Questions About A Root Canal

Frequently Asked Questions About A Root Canal

If your dentist has recommended root canal treatment, you may feel worried, especially if you have heard all the rumors about the treatment. However, there is no need to worry – root canal therapy is a dental procedure performed to relieve tooth pain and extend the life of the tooth. The more you learn about…

Common Endodontic Procedures [Root Canal]

3 Common Endodontic Procedures [Root Canal]

Looking for more information on endodontic procedures so you can have an idea of what to expect when you make an appointment with an endodontist? Many dental patients are taking the time to learn more about what to expect when they are in need of dental treatment. This is a great idea, as the more…